Library and Archives Canada
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Black-and-white photograph of a man and group of children, from very young to adolescent, posing in rows in front of a one-room schoolhouse of log construction Source

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Vital Statistics

Vital statistics consist of records of births, marriages and deaths. Library and Archives Canada holds marriage bonds for Upper Canada (Ontario) issued between 1803 and 1865 and for Lower Canada (Quebec) issued between 1779 and 1858, a small collection of parish registers on microfilm, published indexes to many church records and cemeteries and a database for searching some divorce acts. The earliest source for Canadian vital records is parish registers. It was not until the late 1800s and early 1900s that the provinces and territories began the civil registration of births, marriages and deaths. For more information, please consult Genealogy and Family History's Civil Registration by province and territory.