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The Champlain and Saint Lawrence Railroad was the first public railway in Canada. It opened in 1836 and ran between La Prairie and St-Jean, Quebec on wooden rails with iron straps.
Souvenir program of the first train to cross Canada
The first train to travel from the Atlantic to the Pacific, stopped at Port Arthur, June 30, 1886
The first train to cross Canada was a Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) train that departed from Montréal's Dalhousie Station on the evening of June 28, 1886. It had taken 12,000 men, 5,000 horses, and 300 dog-sled teams to build the railway.
Listen to This
I Was There
"For more than a mile outside of Winnipeg, we passed crowds of people who had gathered along the line to see the first through train, and I began to feel myself quite an historical character: the event seemed one of such marked importance to this section of the country."
From Ontario to the Pacific by the C.P.R., by Mrs. Arthur Spragge. Toronto: C. Blackett Robinson, 1887, p. 27-28
First all-passenger train to leave Prince Rupert, British Columbia
The first steam locomotive built in Canada (in 1853) was the "Toronto", Northern Railway of Canada's Locomotive No. 2
The oldest surviving locomotive built in Canada, similar to the ones that pulled the first train across Canada in 1886, is in the Canadian Railway Museum at Delson/St-Constant, Quebec.
Visit the website ARCHIVED - Canada, by Train