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Description found in Archives

Samuel Edmour St. Onge Chapleau fonds [textual record]. 



Place of creation

No place, unknown, or undetermined

15 p. of textual records.

Scope and content

Fonds consists of five certificates of commission, 1862, 1866, 1900, appointing Chapleau to military and civil offices.

Textual records
96: Restrictions vary
from 1 to 5
90: Open
Textual records
96: Restrictions vary
90: Open
Archival reference no.
Former archival reference no.

Terms of use

The original documents in volumes 1 to 5 are unavailable for general research. Please consult photostatic copies of them in volume 6.

No finding aid

Biography / Administrative history

Samuel Edmour St. Onge Chapleau was born in Syracuse, New York and was educated in Terrebonne. He returned to the United States and at the outbreak of the Civil War, enlisted in the Union Army. He was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in 1862, a Captain in 1866, and ended the war as a Major.

In 1871, he returned to Canada and in 1873 entered the civil service. He became Secretary of the Department of Public Works and was Sheriff of the Northwest Territories at the time of Louis Riel's hanging. In 1900, he was appointed Clerk of the Senate, Clerk of Parliaments, and Master in the Chancery. He retired in 1917 and in 1921 was buried in Arlington Cemetery.

See: Canadian Who's Who, 1910 p. 42.

Additional information

Received in 1978, from Mrs. Sally Coates of Ottawa.

Subject heading

1. United States. Army - Appointments and retirements, 1862-1866 Canada. Parliament. Senate, 1900.
2. Canada - Officials and employees, 1900 Abraham Lincoln, 1862.
3. Certificates (of office) - Canada Andrew Johnson, 1862.
4. Canada. Parliament - Officials and employees, 1900 Lord Minto, 1900.
5. Canada - Officials and employees - Selection and appointment, 1900.
6. Clerk of the Senate of Canada - Selection and appointment, 1900.
7. Chancery of Canada, Master in the - Selection and appointment, 1900.
8. Oath of Alligiance, Administrator of the - Selection and appointment, 1900.
9. United States. Army - Officers, 1862, 1866.


Other system control no.