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Banner: From Colony to Country: A Reader's Guide to Canadian Military History


Canadian Military History: An Overview
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Second World War
General References

Newfoundland

Newfoundland was not yet a part of Canada during the Second World War. In 1933, facing bankruptcy in the midst of the Depression, Newfoundland had surrendered its Dominion status and had once more become a British Crown colony. Its soldiers, sailors and airmen fought as members of the British Armed Forces (sometimes in Newfoundland units), although many individuals joined the Canadian forces. Nevertheless, Newfoundland was on the front lines in the Battle of the Atlantic. American and Canadian Armed Forces garrisoned the island and operated vast, vital, forward bases for naval and air forces. German U-boats torpedoed ships even while tied to Newfoundland docks, or within sight of St. John's, and dead and shipwrecked sailors and passengers appeared in Newfoundland outports.

Cardoulis, John N. -- A friendly invasion : the American military in Newfoundland, 1940-1990. -- St. John's, Nfld. : Breakwater, 1990. -- 224 p.

Chafe, Edward W. -- Gunners : World War II : 166th (Newfoundland) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery. -- St. John's, Nfld. : Creative Publishers, 1987. -- 162 p.

Kavanaugh, Robert L. -- "W Force : the Canadian Army and the defence of Newfoundland in the Second World War". -- Ottawa : National Library of Canada, [1997]. -- 3 microfiches. -- (Canadian theses on microfiche). -- M.A. thesis, Memorial Univ. of Newfoundland, St. John's, 1995. -- 199 l.

  • Investigates the garrisoning of Newfoundland against enemy incursions early in the war by the Canadian Active Service Force, and its attempt to integrate Newfoundland more closely into the Canadian defence orbit after the arrival of American troops on the island

MacLeod, Malcolm. -- Peace of the continent. -- St. John's, Nfld. : H. Cuff Publications, 1986. -- 86 p.

  • Examines the impact of Second World War Canadian and American bases in Newfoundland

Murphy, Tony ; Kenney, Paul. -- The war on our doorstep : St. John's during World War Two, an album. -- St. John's, Nfld. : H. Cuff Publications, 1989. -- 120 p.

Neary, Steve. -- The enemy on our doorstep : the German attacks at Bell Island, Newfoundland, 1942. -- St. John's, Nfld. : Jesperson Press, 1994. -- 140 p.

  • Discusses the U-boat sinking of four iron-ore carriers in anchorage at Bell Island, Conception Bay, Newfoundland, and the reaction of the local community

Nicholson, G.W.L. -- More fighting Newfoundlanders : a history of Newfoundland's fighting forces in the Second World War. -- [St. John's, Nfld.] : Govt. of Newfoundland, 1969. -- 621 p.

  • The official history of Newfoundland's armed forces

Ransom, Bernard. -- "Canada's 'Newfyjohn' tenancy : the Royal Canadian Navy in St. John's, 1941-1945". -- Acadiensis. -- Vol. 23, no. 2 (Spring/printemps 1994). -- P. 45-71

  • Implications of a Canadian base for the Battle of the Atlantic in a British colony

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