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Photograph of Alexander Graham Bell

Alexander Graham Bell

Born March 3, 1847, at Edinburgh, Scotland; died August 2, 1922, at Baddeck, Nova Scotia


In 1870, Bell moved with his parents to Brantford, Ontario, from Scotland.

He taught his father's "visible speech" techniques at Boston University.

Bell recruited Thomas A. Watson in Boston to work on and perfect the telephone.

In 1875 unintelligible voice sounds were transmitted with an early telephone model.

In March 1876 clearly intelligible words were transmitted on a refined telephone model.

In August 1876, the first long distance telephone call was made from Brantford to Paris, Ontario.

In 1907, Bell formed the Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) in Nova Scotia to develop and build flying machines.

In 1909 the AEA flew the first airplane in Canada, named the Silver Dart.

Citizenship controversy: Bell was born in Scotland, moved to Canada, lived for a time in America and died in Canada.

Invention controversy: Bell claimed the telephone was invented in Canada but made in the United States of America. In 1880, Bell's father, Alexander Melville Bell filed his own telephone patent stating his residence as Brantford, Ontario. (Improvements on Electric Telephones. Patent no. 10705. Filing Date 1880.)

Sample of inventions patented in Canada by Bell

Patent Number Filing Date Title
7789 1877 Improvements on Electric Telephony
13809 1881 Improvements in Electric Telephony
13810 1881 Improvements in Electric Telephony
26701 1887 Transmitting and Recording Sounds by Radiant Energy
26710 1887 Reproducing Sounds from Phonograph Records