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Census and Enumerations


Census Abbreviations

"Religion" column

Abbreviation Religion
B.C.: Bible Church
C. (of) E.: Church of England
C. (of) S.: Church of Scotland
E.M.C.: Episcopal Methodist Church
F.C.: Free Church (Presbyterian)
M.E.C.: Methodist Episcopal Church
P.C.L.P.: Presbyterian-Canada and Lower Provinces
P.F.C.: Presbyterian Free Church
R.P.: Reformed Presbyterian
U.P.: United Presbyterian
W.M.: Wesleyan Methodist

"Country or Province of Birth" column

Abbreviation Country or Province of Birth
B.C.: Bas-Canada (Lower Canada, Quebec) and British Columbia in 1881 and 1891
C.B. : Colombie-Britannique
C.E. : Canada East (Canada-Est, Quebec)
C.W.: Canada West (Canada-Ouest, Ontario)
H.C.: Haut-Canada (Upper Canada, Ontario)
I.P.: Île-du-Prince-Edouard
L.C.: Lower Canada (Bas-Canada, Quebec)
Man.: Manitoba
N.B.: New Brunswick
N.B.: (uncommon usage - North Britain, i.e. Scotland)
N.E.: Nouvelle-Écosse
N.O.: Territoires du Nord-Ouest
N.S.: Nova Scotia
N.W.: Northwest Territories
N.W.T.: Northwest Territories
O: Ontario
Ont.: Ontario
P.E.I.: Prince Edward Island
Que.: Quebec
Q: Quebec (the Q sometimes look like an L)
U.C.: Upper Canada (Haut-Canada, Ontario)


1851 Census

The abbreviation F indicated that the individual was born of Canadian parents.

Marital status:

W:
widow
Wr:
widower
X:
married

1891 Census

Residential dwellings were described using letters and numbers. For example, S2/6 indicates a stone house, two stories, six rooms. W ½ indicates a wooden house, one story, two rooms.

Under relationship to the head of the household:

D:
domestic
L:
lodger

1901 census

Please note that the following terms were used by the enumerators in 1901 and do not reflect current usage when describing a person's background.

"Race" column:

w:
white (Caucasian)
r:
red (Native)
b:
black (African)
y:
yellow (Asian)

"Racial/tribal origin" column:

The use of "breed" and "half-breed" indicated a person of mixed Native and other background as noted in the following examples that were used at that time:

Fb:
French breed
Eb:
English breed
Sb:
Scottish breed
Ib:
Irish breed
Ob:
other breed
Cree fb:
Cree and French breed