Library and Archives Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Institutional links

Genealogy and Family History

What to Search: Topics

Immigration and Citizenship


Immigration Records Indexes

Library and Archives Canada holds records up to and including 1935 for arrivals at ocean and border ports. Most of the records have been digitized and are available on multiple websites. Over the coming years, more digital images and nominal indexes will be available on the Library and Archives Canada website.

The immigration records from 1865 to 1935 were microfilmed in the 1940s and 1950s and were not produced to archival standards. As a result, the quality of some microfilm reels is poor. Also, on some pages, the ink had faded before the records were filmed. Unfortunately, the original records were not retained after they were filmed. Digitized images were produced from the microfilm.

Research tips and links to american resources can be found at the end of this page.

Type of records Digitized Images Nominal Indexes
Passenger lists before 1865   Immigrants to Canada

Montreal Emigrant Society Passage Book, 1832
(with images)

Immigrants at Grosse-Île
(some images)

The ShipsList
[www.theshipslist.com/ships/passengerlists/index.htm]

InGeneas
[www.ingeneas.com]

The New Brunswick Irish Portal
(with images)
[http://archives.gnb.ca/Irish/databases_en.html]
Passenger lists, 1865-1922, 1925-1935 Passenger Lists, 1865-1922
(search by ship, date, port)
Quebec City Passenger Lists Index 1865-1900
(with images)
ARCHIVED - Passenger Lists, 1925-1935
(search microfilm by port, date and volume number)
Immigration Records (1925-1935)
(includes names of immigrants only, not returning Canadians, visitors and passengers in transit to U.S.A.)

Home Children (1869-1930)

Nanaimo Family History Society Passenger List Indexing Project
(Quebec, 1905-1910)
[http://members.shaw.ca/nanaimo.fhs/]

Canadian Passenger Lists, 1865-1935
(with images, subscription required)
[www.ancestry.ca]
Form 30A, 1919-1924 (ocean arrivals) ARCHIVED - Form 30A, Ocean Arrivals, 1919-1924
(search microfilm by surname groupings)
Canada, Ocean Arrivals (Form 30A), 1919-1924
(with images, subscription required)
[www.ancestry.ca]
Border entry records, 1908-1918, 1925-1935   Immigration Records (1925-1935)
(includes only surnames starting with C, all other entries are for passenger lists)
Border Crossings: From U.S. to Canada, 1908-1935
(with images, subscription required)
[www.ancestry.ca]
Form 30,1919-1924
(border entries)
ARCHIVED - Form 30, Border Entry Records, 1919-1924
(search microfilm by surname groupings)
Border Crossings: From U.S. to Canada, 1908-1935
(with images, subscription required)
[www.ancestry.ca]

Arrivals at American Ports

Many immigrants to Canada arrived at American ports. The passenger lists held at Library and Archives Canada for arrivals at American ports only include the names of passengers who were proceeding directly to Canada. The complete lists are in the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration in the United States.

American Immigration Records
(description of the records)
[www.archives.gov/genealogy/immigration/]

Ellis Island Database
(New York arrivals, 1892-1924)
[www.ellisisland.org/]

Boston Passenger Manifests 1848-1891
[www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arcsrch/PassengerManifestSearchContents.html]

Castle Garden
(New York Arrivals, 1830-1891)
[www.castlegarden.org]

Other American passenger lists and border crossing records are indexed on www.ancestry.com, which is a subscription database.

Research Tips

Spelling variations of names were common before the mid-1900s. Many names were written phonetically, as they sounded to the person recording them. Also, databases often contain indexing errors due to the poor handwriting in the original records or the poor legibility of some pages. If you do not find a name in a database, we recommend that you try searching the actual records.

See our Immigration and Citizenship page for tips on how to determine the approximate year your ancestor arrived in Canada.

Immigration