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Hong Sing, British Columbia, 1889
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Over the course of its 63-year existence (1873-1936), the Department of the Interior was responsible for a full range of federal responsibilities that focused on the settlement and development of western Canada. Eventually, this activity led to the creation of Alberta and Saskatchewan, and the expansion of Manitoba. The Department assisted in the removal of Aboriginal peoples from the open plains; it settled Métis land grievances; it surveyed and subdivided the region, and then promoted and settled these holdings through a massive immigration campaign; it established land reserves for Aboriginal peoples, the railway companies, the Hudson's Bay Company, towns, research stations, churches, and schools; it monitored and developed the region's natural resources, in particular its minerals, water, timber, petroleum, and coal; and through several sub-agencies, it initiated scientific investigations on a wide variety of natural resources.
The Canadian West. Library and Archives Canada.
(accessed June 13, 2010).
Department of the Interior fonds. Library and Archives Canada.
"History of Departments: Interior." Parliament of Canada.
(accessed June 13, 2010)